In a series of articles about smart grid systems, a primer explains grid coordination involving the different systems that make up grid distribution and delivery:

Next-Gen Grid Architecture: A grid coordination primer

One of the pressing issues facing the power industry is the integration and coordination of distributed energy resources (DER) to provide electricity delivery.

The issue was not well-recognized until recently, although some forms of coordination have been around a long time such as commercial and industrial (C&I) demand response (DR) and bulk generation in deregulated industry segments.

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